blood pressure

The Latest Research Highlights at the American Heart Association

americanheartassociationIn its efforts to save lives by improving cardiovascular-related care, the American Heart Association (AHA) aims to advance medical research in cardiovascular disease, including heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. The organization also supports research to develop prevention strategies and establish guidelines to help heart patients and other individuals improve and maintain their heart and brain health.

Since its founding more than nine decades ago, the AHA has invested over $4.1 billion in research that has led to a number of medical breakthroughs. Previous research funded by the organization has spurred the development of lifesaving drugs and treatments that are still in widespread use. The following provides an overview of how some of the organization’s recent activities are making an impact.


Advancing Understanding and Treatment of Congenital Heart Defects

Alongside the Children’s Heart Foundation, the AHA is supporting research to better understand and treat congenital heart defects (CHD), the leading cause of birth-defect-related deaths among infants born in the United States. The Children’s Heart Foundation and the AHA joined forces as part of their Congenital Heart Defect Research Awards program, established in 2014.

The AHA and the Children’s Heart Foundation have announced the recipients of the fourth round of funding offered through the CHD Research Awards. The seven research programs selected for the round of funding will receive a total of $826,600. To date, CHD Research Awards have provided more than $3.2 million to researchers in the United States, and funding for the program will continue through June 2021. Ultimately, the seven-year initiative will provide $22.5 million to advance CHD-related research.


Identifying Risk Factors for Heart Disease

heartEstablishing and promoting prevention strategies, treatments, and lifestyle changes to reduce the effect of heart disease is a major part of the AHA’s work. To help identify factors that play a role in heart-related health issues, the organization supports research focused on heart disease risk. The AHA and other groups have long associated unhealthy weight with heart attacks, but recent research published in the Journal of the American Heart Association suggests that waist and hip size may have a stronger association with heart attack risk than overall obesity.

Researchers in the study, which examined 500,000 adults in the UK, found that fat distribution around the abdomen is hazardous in both sexes, but it appears to have a more profound effect on women. The AHA notes that the distribution of fat and the differences in body types between men and women may play a role in heart attack risk later in life. The organization also suggests that future studies examining sex-specific interventions for obesity could help reduce the rates of heart disease.


Promoting the Use of Automated External Defibrillators

An automated external defibrillator (AED) delivers an electrical shock to restart the heart of a person in cardiac arrest. Recent research published in the AHA journal Circulation highlights the importance of AEDs in saving lives as well as the need for increased distribution and awareness of the devices.

According to the cardiac arrest chain of survival protocol established by the AHA, when attempting to save the life of someone whose heart has stopped beating, bystanders should employ an AED, after calling 911 and initiating CPR. The AHA is working to promote the use of AEDs through research and campaigns such as its Workplace Safety Training Initiative, launched in 2017. Leaders at the AHA are using the campaign and related activities to urge those in charge of businesses and other public buildings to place AEDs next to fire extinguishers so that bystanders can easily find them in an emergency.


Establishing New High Blood Pressure Guidelines

blood pressureBased on the review of more than 900 published studies, scientists and health experts with the AHA, American College of Cardiology (ACC), and nine other health organizations published new high blood pressure guidelines for the first time in 14 years. The new guidelines, which the AHA and ACC released in late 2017, call for interventions at 130/80 mm Hg rather than 140/90. Under the new changes, the number of people diagnosed with high blood pressure will increase by 14 percent. The increase will be most prevalent among people under the age of 45.

Although the changes to the guidelines will lead to more hypertension diagnoses, the number of those requiring antihypertensive medication will not increase significantly. The new guidelines recommend that physicians address Stage 1 hypertension with lifestyle changes and prescribe medications only those at high risk of a cardiovascular event due to other factors.

High blood pressure damages the vascular system and plays a significant role in increasing heart attack and stroke risk. In lowering its definition, the AHA is promoting earlier treatment that could save lives by preventing blood-pressure-related health complications.


This Is How Wounded Warrior Project Has Been Assisting Veterans

wounded warrior projectThrough its efforts to empower military veterans and families to live life to the fullest, Wounded Warrior Project (WWP) offers programs and services that reach thousands of people each year. The organization’s programs focus on a variety of areas, including physical health, peer and family support, mental wellness, and career advancement. Since its founding in 2003, the organization has expanded nationally to serve over 111,000 combat veterans and more than 27,000 military family members.

Today, WWP continues to promote healing and increased quality of life among service members dealing with physical injuries, mental challenges, and emotional scars resulting from time spent fighting for their country. The organization achieves these goals through national programs as well as a wide variety of local activities that connect veterans with each other and their communities.

Here are just a few examples of the many ways that WWP has been supporting warriors in cities throughout the country:


Bringing Military Families Together through Art

According to the majority of respondents to WWP’s most recent annual survey, military veterans rely on the support of their families and other veterans to deal with combat-related mental health issues. In South China, Maine, military families had the opportunity to enjoy each other’s company while learning to express their artistic creativity at a fun paint-night activity.

During the February 2018 event, WWP helped veterans create unique, winter-themed paintings under the tutelage of local artists. The event enabled veterans and their families to spend much-needed time together doing a fun activity that produced a memento they can hang on their wall. Like all of WWP’s programs and resources, the Maine paint-night event was offered free of charge.


Empowering Women Who Support Wounded Veterans

veteranIn addition to helping combat veterans directly, WWP works to improve the lives of wounded warriors by equipping their families with the knowledge and skills they need to provide long-term support for their loved one. As part of these efforts, WWP held a special gathering for veterans’ female family members in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, in February 2018.

The weekend retreat featured a tour of WWP headquarters as well as team-building exercises and other bonding activities, including a Wonder Woman-themed movie night. The women at the event also had the opportunity to take part in an educational workshop on essential oils, which they learned how to use to enhance at-home massage-therapy sessions for the veterans in their families. For their own benefit, those who attended the retreat learned that they were not alone in their experiences caring for veterans overcoming combat-related injuries.


Using Nature to Promote Recovery

Earlier in February, injured veterans in Connecticut spent some time outside birdwatching and improving their nature photography skills. During the WWP-sponsored event, professional photographers taught participants how to take great pictures of wildlife and natural landscapes.

To help veterans capture the perfect photo, photographers demonstrated the proper use of cameras and various photography accessories. Participants also learned about photo editing at the event, which took place at the Shepaug Dam Bald Eagle Observation Area, a Southbury destination known for its bald eagle viewing opportunities.


Providing Resources to Jump-Start Creativity

In Colorado, military veterans sharpened their creativity indoors during a writing workshop held in Colorado Springs in late January. Along with helping veterans learn to develop story plots and characters, the workshop encouraged them to share their experiences and explore the ways in which they have overcome challenges inside and outside of the military. As is the case with many of WWP’s activities, the writing workshop was as much about socializing as it was about developing new skills.


Connecting Warriors with Careers in the Civilian Workforce

Throughout the country, veterans dealing with combat-related injuries are benefitting from WWP’s Warriors to Work program, which provides guidance, support, and resources to service members as they transition from the military to civilian careers. The program has helped veterans like Jarrod Tallman, a former marine who recently used WWP career counseling to secure a position with a Dallas-based medical center.

In addition to counseling services, the Warriors to Work program assists veterans with writing a resume, preparing for interviews, and connecting with local employers. The program is open to registered WWP alumni and family support members in all 50 states.

Warriors to Work also provides support for employers looking to make veterans an integral part of their organizations. To participate, employers must register with WWP through the Warriors to Work portal. More information about the program and any of WWP’s recent activities is available at

American Society for Reproductive Medicine – Facts about Fertility

American Society for Reproductive Medicine pic

American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Dr. Erol Onel is a physician with many years of experience in the field of urology. Currently vice president of Heron Therapeutics in California, Dr. Erol Onel is also affiliated with the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is a recognized leader in the field of reproductive medicine. It works through education and advocacy in order to further human knowledge of reproductive medicine and improve fertility treatments for men and women.

In order to disseminate reproductive information to the general public, the ASRM operates This website provides general education on a wide range of topics, including fertility, family planning, and reproductive system concerns. It also operates the Protect Your Fertility campaign, a program designed to help the public manage reproductive health.

This campaign provides specific information about the lifestyle choices and health concerns that impact fertility, such as weight, age, and smoking. Men and women of all ages can learn about fertility and infertility through the ASRM at


Pain Medication – Opioids and NSAIDs

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A urologist active in the pharmaceutical industry, Dr. Erol Onel serves as vice president of Heron Therapeutics in La Jolla, California. In his leadership capacity, Dr. Erol Onel contributes to the drug-approval process for non-opioid pain relievers.

Opioids are a class of prescription drugs known for their potency in relieving pain. Though highly effective, opioids can cause dangerous side effects, and can even result in dependency in some people. Opioids effect the nervous system by interrupting the brain signals responsible for creating painful sensations. On the market, pharmaceutical companies package opioids under a variety of brand names, including Percocet, Fentora, and Oxycontin.

Non-opioid pain relief medications like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can also address pain. NSAIDs work by blocking certain enzymes that encourage swelling and associated pain. They’re offered over the counter under names like Advil and Aleve.